Wicking and cupping
Wicking and cupping
Production technology of grave and tealight candles respectively in a plastic or aluminum cup with the use of granulated paraffin. The machine inserting a wick to glass and plastic containers.
Semi-automatic wick inserting machine
The operator manually places the container, starts-up the machine cycle, and then picks up the container with inserted wicks. The machine automatically unwinds the soaked wick from the spool, trims it to the pre-set size, kneads a plate on it – with an innovative 4-jaw head - thanks to this, the wick is very firmly fixed in a vertical position into the base of the plate. The wick prepared in this way is inserted into a container, on the bottom of which a thermal head sprays droplets of hot copolymer glue - the so-called hot-melt adhesive.
Special advantage of this machine is its versatility – i.e. the ability to work with any type of containers (e.g. glass, plastic, metal or ceramics), with a wide range of shapes and diameters of containers from 30 - 150 mm and their height up to 240 mm - without the need to replace the tooling! Another advantage is quick adjustment of the wick length with the indicator of the set value. In addition, the machine allows several wicks to be inserted into one container however, each container must be rotated each time by the operator. The capacity of the wick inserting machine, while sticking one wick, is up to 660 pcs / h and it depends on the length of the wick and the work of the operator.
Numerous solutions have been taken that affected safety. One of them is a controlled start-up of the machine by pressing 2 buttons that must be held throughout the entire wick gluing cycle. The machine complies with the requirements of the relevant EU directives and has CE designation.
The construction of the machine is extremely compact and does not require its assembly by the Manufacturer at the User's premises. It is supplied with 3-phase 400V, and in a special version it can be supplied with 1-phase 230V. Compressed air demand min. 6 bar, 60 L / min.
Wicking and cupping line
Technological line of the machines cooperating with each other includes:
- hydraulic press;
- vacuum conveyor;
- conveyor belt;
- wicking and cupping machine;
- plate conveyor with a cam positioning the product vertically;
- cups sorting machine;
- optional: wick soaking machine, labelling machine, packing machine.
The wicking and cupping machine takes a wick from the spool - previously prepared by the wick soaking device - clenches a small plate to it and trims it to a required size. The wick is placed in an opening of the paraffin mould - produced by a hydraulic press supplied with the raw material by a vacuum conveyor – inserted in the next step into the cup, previously properly set by the cups sorting machine. The finished product is transported - through the positioning cam - in a vertical position to the plate conveyor, which buffers the products and provides them into the labelling machine and then to the packaging machine.
Wicking and cupping machine
Individual machine to be connected to the already owned hydraulic press. The machine operates almost each size of a mould and a cup. The machine tooling is replaceable, enabling the production of products of various dimensions. The efficiency is smoothly controlled via a frequency converter. The machine also may produce only wicks or moulds with a wick, omitting the inserting function into a cup. Optional equipment includes a hot-melt copolymer adhesive system used to glue the plate with a wick to the bottom of the container.
Wick inserting machine
Similar to a wicking and cupping machine, it uses a previously prepared wick, trims it to the size, kneads a plate on it and inserts it into a glass or plastic container with a droplet of hot-melt copolymer adhesive. The machine is mainly used in dosing lines for the production of grave candles without a paraffin mould, grave candles from foamed and homogenised paraffin and in the production of vascular candles, e.g. glass.
Cups sorting machine
The machine is used for positioning plastic or aluminium containers, which are taken by a scraper conveyor from the charging hopper. The machine uses a set of air nozzles, a rotating wheel with appropriate cuts, as well as photoelectric and inductive sensors. The machine is featured by high versatility, efficiency and simplicity of service.
Soaking the wick
The device is used to coat a wick with paraffin mass. It is equipped with two rotating drums on which a coated wick with paraffin mass is rolled. The string is taken from the spool and repeatedly passed through a tray with molten mass and appropriate nozzles calibrated to a desired diameter. The process takes place automatically. An optional equipment is a rev-counter with the function of switching off the machine after reaching a certain set point.
The machine automatically retrieves the wick from the spool, clenches a small plate to it and cuts it to a specified size. The string is provided to the machine from the spool located outside the device, while the plates are provided into the plates feeder constituting one of the subassemblies of the machine. The device is equipped with a wick length regulator. The speed of operation is smoothly controlled via the inverter system.